Piper Cherokee PA-28

Piper Cherokee PA-28, Their variants, Specs, and info

Aviationemy Academy introducing The Piper PA-28 Cherokee is a family of two-seat or four-seat light aircraft built by Piper Aircraft and designed for flight training, air taxi, and personal use. The PA-28 family of aircraft comprises all-metal, unpressurized, single-engined, piston-powered airplanes with low-mounted wings and tricycle landing gear. They have a single door on the right side, which is entered by stepping on the wing.

Piper PA-28 Cherokee
Piper PA-28 Cherokee

The Piper PA-28 Cherokee Begining

The first PA 28 Piper Cherokee received its type certificate from the Federal Aviation Administration in 1960 and the series remains in production to this day. The PA-28 series competes with the high-winged Cessna 172 and the similarly low-winged Grumman American AA-5 series and Beechcraft Musketeer designs.

At the time of the PA 28 Piper Cherokee’s introduction, Piper’s primary single-engined, all-metal aircraft was the Piper PA-24 Comanche, a larger, faster aircraft with retractable landing gear and a constant-speed propeller. Karl Bergey, Piper designed the Cherokee as a less expensive alternative to the Comanche, with lower manufacturing and parts costs to compete with the Cessna 172, although some later Cherokees also featured retractable gear and constant-speed propellers.

The Cherokee and Comanche lines continued in parallel production, serving different market segments for over a decade, until Comanche production was ended in 1972, to be replaced by the Piper PA-32R family.

The PA-28 Piper Cherokee, Powerplant and features evloution

Cherokee 150 and Cherokee 160 (PA-28-150 and PA-28-160)

Piper has created variations within the Cherokee family by installing engines(Powerplant) ranging from 140 to 300 hp (105–220 kW).

The original Cherokees were the Cherokee 150 and Cherokee 160 (PA-28-150 and PA-28-160), which started production in 1961 (unless otherwise mentioned, the model number always refers to horsepower).

Cherokee 180 (PA-28-180)

In 1962, Piper added the Cherokee 180 (PA-28-180) powered by a 180-horsepower (134-kW) Lycoming O-360 engine. The extra power made it practical to fly with all four seats filled (depending on passenger weight and fuel loading) and the model remains popular on the used-airplane market. In 1968, the cockpit was modified to replace the “push-pull”-style engine throttle controls with quadrant levers. In addition, a third window was added to each side, giving the fuselage the more modern look seen in current production.

Cherokee 235 (PA-28-235)

Piper continued to expand the line rapidly. In 1963, the company introduced the even more powerful Cherokee 235 (PA-28-235), which competed favorably with the Cessna 182 Skylane for load-carrying capability. The Cherokee 235 featured a Lycoming O-540 engine de-rated to 235 horsepower (175 kW) and a longer wing which would eventually be used for the Cherokee Six. It included tip tanks of 17-gallon capacity each, bringing the total fuel capacity of the Cherokee 235 to 84 gallons. The aircraft had its fuselage stretched in 1973, giving much more legroom in the rear. The stabilator area was increased, as well.

In 1964, the company filled in the bottom end of the line with the Cherokee 140 (PA-28-140), which was designed for training and initially shipped with only two seats. The PA-28-140 engine was slightly modified shortly after its introduction to produce 150 horsepower (112 kW) but kept the -140 name.

In 1973, the marketing name was changed from “235” to “Charger”. In 1974, it was changed again to “Pathfinder”. Production of the Pathfinder continued until 1977. No 1978 models were built. In 1979, the aircraft was given the Piper tapered wing and the name was changed again, this time to Dakota.

Introducing the PA-28R-180 Cherokee Arrow and the PA-28R-200

In 1967, Piper introduced the PA-28R-180 Cherokee Arrow. This aircraft featured a constant-speed propeller and retractable landing gear and was powered by a 180-horsepower (134-kW) Lycoming IO-360-B1E engine. A 200-hp (149-kW) version powered by a Lycoming IO-360-C1C was offered as an option beginning in 1969 and designated the PA-28R-200; the 180-hp model was dropped after 1971. At the time the Arrow was introduced, Piper removed the Cherokee 150 and Cherokee 160 from production.

Cherokee Arrow II and the the Arrow III (PA-28R-201)

The Arrow II came out in 1972, featuring a five-inch fuselage stretch to increase legroom for the rear-seat passengers. In 1977, Piper introduced the Arrow III (PA-28R-201), which featured a semi-tapered wing and longer stabilator, a design feature that had previously been introduced successfully on the PA-28-181 and provided better low-speed handling. It also featured larger fuel tanks, increasing capacity from 50 to 77 gallons.

The first turbocharged model, the PA-28R-201T, was also offered in 1977, powered by a six-cylinder Continental TSIO-360-F engine equipped with a Rajay turbocharger. A three-bladed propeller was optional.

In 1979, the Arrow was restyled again as the PA-28RT-201 Arrow IV, featuring a “T” tail that resembled the other aircraft in the Piper line at the time.

The Cherokee 140 variant or the Cherokee PS28 Cruiser 2+2

In 1971, Piper released a Cherokee 140 variant called the Cherokee PS28 Cruiser 2+2. Although the plane kept the 140 designations, it was, in fact, a 150-hp plane and was shipped mainly as a four-seat version. In 1973, the Cherokee 180 was named the Cherokee Challenger and had its fuselage lengthened slightly and its wings widened and the Cherokee 235 was named the Charger with similar airframe modifications. In 1974, Piper changed the marketing names of some of the Cherokee models again, renaming the PS28 Cruiser 2+2 (140) simply the PS28 Cruiser, the Challenger to the Archer (model PA-28-181), and the Charger (235) to Pathfinder.

Cherokee 150 & Cherokee Warrior (PA-28-151) & the PS28 Cruiser (140) and Pathfinder (235)

Piper reintroduced the Cherokee 150 in 1974, renaming it the Cherokee Warrior (PA-28-151) and giving it the Archer’s stretched body and a new, semi-tapered wing. In 1977, Piper stopped producing the PS28 Cruiser (140) and Pathfinder (235), but introduced a new 235-hp (175-kW) plane, the Dakota (PA-28-236), based on the Cherokee 235, Charger, and Pathfinder models, but with the new semi-tapered wing.

Piper Cherokee Dakota & Turbo Dakota

The PA-28-201T Turbo Dakota followed the introduction of the PA-28-236 Dakota in 1979. The airframe was essentially the same as a fixed-gear Arrow III and was powered by a turbocharged Continental TSIO-360-FB engine producing 200 hp (149 kW). The aircraft did not sell well and production ended in 1980.

Cherokee Warrior II

In 1977, Piper upgraded the Warrior to 160 hp (119 kW) PA-28-161, changing its name to Cherokee Warrior II. This aircraft had slightly improved aerodynamic wheel fairings introduced in 1978. Later models of the Warrior II, manufactured after July 1982, incorporated a gross weight increase to 2,440 pounds, giving a useful load over 900 pounds. This same aircraft, now available with a glass cockpit, was available as the Warrior III and was marketed as a training aircraft

Conclusion

All of Piper Cherokee models and variants

  • PA-28-140 Cherokee PS28 Cruiser Two-place, fixed landing gear landplane, Lycoming O-320-E2A or O-320-E3D engine of 150 hp (112 kW), gross weight 1,950 lb (885 kg). First certified on 14 February 1964. Approved as a 2,150 lb (975 kg) gross weight four place aircraft on 17 June 1965.
  • PA-28-150 Cherokee Four-place, fixed landing gear landplane, Lycoming O-320-A2B or O-320-E2A engine of 150 hp (112 kW), gross weight 2,150 lb (975 kg). First certified on 2 June 1961.
  • PA-28-151 Cherokee Warrior Four-place, fixed landing gear landplane, Lycoming O-320-E3D engine of 150 hp (112 kW), gross weight 2,325 lb (1,055 kg). First certified on 9 August 1973. Changes from the PA-28-150 include a tapered wing.
  • PA-28-160 Cherokee Four-place, fixed landing gear landplane, Lycoming O-320-B2B or O-320-D2A engine of 160 hp (119 kW), gross weight 2,200 lb (998 kg). First certified on 31 October 1960.
  • PA-28-161 Warrior II Four-place, fixed landing gear landplane, Lycoming O-320-D3G or O-320-D2A engine of 160 hp (119 kW), gross weight 2,325 lb (1,055 kg). First certified on 2 November 1976. Changes from the PA-28-160 include a tapered wing. Certified on 1 July 1982 for gross weight of 2,440 lb (1,107 kg).
  • PA-28-161 Warrior III Four-place, fixed landing gear landplane, Lycoming O-320-D3G engine of 160 hp (119 kW), gross weight 2,440 lb (1,107 kg). First certified on 1 July 1994.
  • PA-28-180 Cherokee Four-place, fixed landing gear landplane, Lycoming O-360-A3A or O-360-A4A engine of 180 hp (134 kW), gross weight 2,400 lb (1,089 kg). First certified on 3 August 1962. PA-28-180 Archer Four-place, fixed landing gear landplane, Lycoming O-360-A4A or O-360-A4M engine of 180 hp (134 kW), gross weight 2,450 lb (1,111 kg). First certified on 22 May 1972. Changes from the PA-28-180 Cherokee include a five inch fuselage extension, wing span increase, larger horizontal tail, gross weight increase and other minor changes.
  • PA-28-181 Archer II Four-place, fixed landing gear landplane, Lycoming O-360-A4M or O-360-A4A engine of 180 hp (134 kW), gross weight 2,550 lb (1,157 kg). First certified on 8 July 1975. Changes from the PA-28-180 include a tapered wing. PA-28-181 Archer III Four-place, fixed landing gear landplane, Lycoming O-360-A4M engine of 180 hp (134 kW), gross weight 2,550 lb (1,157 kg). First certified on 30 August 1994.
  • PA-28-201T Turbo Dakota Four-place, fixed landing gear landplane, turbocharged Continental TSIO-360-FB, engine of 200 hp (149 kW), gross weight 2,900 lb (1,315 kg). First certified on 14 December 1978.
  • PA-28-235 Cherokee Pathfinder Four-place, fixed landing gear landplane, Lycoming O-540-B2B5, O-540-B1B5, or O-540-B4B5 engine of 235 hp (175 kW), gross weight 2,900 lb (1,315 kg). First certified on 15 July 1963. PA-28-235 Cherokee Pathfinder Four-place, fixed landing gear landplane, Lycoming O-540-B4B5 engine of 235 hp (175 kW), gross weight 3,000 lb (1,361 kg). First certified on 9 June 1972. Changes from the 1963 certified PA-28-235 Cherokee Pathfinder include a five inch fuselage extension, wing span increase, larger horizontal tail, gross weight increase and other minor changes.
  • PA-28-236 Dakota Four-place, fixed landing gear landplane, Lycoming O-540-J3A5D engine of 235 hp (175 kW), gross weight 3,000 lb (1,361 kg). First certified on 1 June 1978. Changes from the 1972 certified PA-28-235 Cherokee Pathfinder include tapered wing. PA-28S-160 Cherokee Four-place, fixed landing gear seaplane, Lycoming O-320-D2A engine of 160 hp (119 kW), gross weight 2,140 lb (971 kg). First certified on 25 February 1963.
  • PA-28S-180 Cherokee Four-place, fixed landing gear seaplane, Lycoming O-360-A3A or O-360-A4A engine of 180 hp (134 kW), gross weight 2,222 lb (1,008 kg). First certified on 10 May 1963.
  • PA-28R-180 Arrow Four-place, retractable landing gear landplane, Lycoming IO-360-B1E engine of 180 hp (134 kW), gross weight 2,500 lb (1,134 kg). First certified on 8 June 1967.
  • PA-28R-200 Arrow Four-place, retractable landing gear landplane, Lycoming IO-360-C1C engine of 200 hp (149 kW), gross weight 2,600 lb (1,179 kg). First certified on 16 January 1969.
  • PA-28R-200 Arrow II Four-place, retractable landing gear landplane, Lycoming IO-360-C1C or C1C6 engine of 200 hp (149 kW), gross weight 2,650 lb (1,202 kg). First certified on 2 December 1971. Changes from the 1969 certified PA-28R-200 Arrow include a five inch fuselage extension, wing span increase, larger horizontal tail, gross weight increase and other minor changes. PA-28R-201 Arrow III Four-place, retractable landing gear landplane, Lycoming IO-360-C1C6 engine of 200 hp (149 kW), gross weight 2,750 lb (1,247 kg). First certified on 2 November 1976.
  • PA-28R-201T Turbo Arrow III Four-place, retractable landing gear landplane, turbocharged Continental TSIO-360-F or TSIO-360-FB engine of 200 hp (149 kW), gross weight 2,900 lb (1,315 kg). First certified on 2 November 1976.
  • PA-28RT-201 Arrow IV Four-place, retractable landing gear landplane, Lycoming IO-360-C1C6 engine of 200 hp (149 kW), gross weight 2,750 lb (1,247 kg). First certified on 13 November 1978. Features a T tail.
  • PA-28RT-201T Turbo Arrow IV Four-place, retractable landing gear landplane, turbocharged Continental TSIO-360-FB engine of 200 hp (149 kW), gross weight 2,900 lb (1,315 kg). First certified on 13 November 1978. Features a T tail.
  • PA-28-161 Cadet Two-place, fixed landing gear landplane, Lycoming O-320-D2A or -D3G engine of 160 hp (119 kW), gross weight 2,325 lb (1,055 kg). Replaced the PA-38 Tomahawk trainer in the late 1980s. Features the older Cherokee “2 side window” fuselage with the later tapered wing.
  • Archer DX Four-place, fix landing gear landplane, turbocharged Continental CD-155 diesel engine of 155 hp (116 kW). Introduced at AERO Friedrichshafen in April 2014. The compression-ignition engine is simpler to operate, avoiding starting difficulties, carburetor icing or propeller and mixture controls, and the liquid cooling does not suffer shock cooling in a rapid descent. The turbocharger maintains full power up to over 10,000 ft (3,000 m) to climbs at 700 to 500 ft/min (3.6 to 2.5 m/s) at 86 kn (159 km/h), and cruise fuel flow is 4.2 to 6.3 US gal (16 to 24 l; 3.5 to 5.2 imp gal)/h at 50 to 75% power and a 100 to 117 kn (185 to 217 km/h) IAS. The engine must be replaced every 2,100 hours.
  • Pilot 100 and Pilot i100 New versions introduced in 2019 intended as low cost VFR and IFR trainers respectively, for the flight training market. Fixed landing gear, 180 hp Continental Prime IO-370-D3A, Garmin G3X Touch Certified avionics. IFR version includes GFC500 autopilot. Features the 2-side-window fuselage with the later tapered wing, no baggage door, no air conditioning, no instruments on right-hand panel, all-white paint with decals, two-place seating standard on 100, rear third seat with push-to-talk and Bluetooth functions standard on i100 and optional on 100. These new versions were type certified in the US in December 2020 and in Europe in August 2021.

Original Piper Cherokee

As of 2021, four variants of the PA-28 are in production:

  • Arrow with retractable landing gear, a 200 hp (149 kW) fuel injected Lycoming IO-360-C1C6 engine, a 137 kn (254 km/h) TAS maximum cruise speed, 880 nmi (1,630 km) range and a Garmin G500 avionics suite
  • Archer with a 180 hp (134 kW) Lycoming O-360-A4M engine, a 128 kn (237 km/h) TAS maximum cruise speed, 522 nmi (967 km) range and a Garmin G1000 avionics suite
  • Archer DX with a 155 hp (116 kW) Continental CD-155 engine, a 123 kn (228 km/h) TAS maximum cruise speed, 848 nmi (1,570 km) range and a Garmin G1000 avionics suite
  • Warrior with a 160 hp (119 kW) Lycoming O-320-D3G engine, a 115 kn (213 km/h) TAS maximum cruise speed, 513 nmi (950 km) range and a Garmin G500 avionics suite

Piper Cherokee PA-2-140 Specifications

General characteristics:

  • Crew: one
  • Capacity: three passengers
  • Length: 23 ft 3.6 in (7.102 m)
  • Wingspan: 30 ft 0 in (9.14 m)
  • Height: 7 ft 3.6 in (2.225 m)
  • Wing area: 160 sq ft (15 m2)
  • Airfoil: NACA 652-415
  • Empty weight: 1,201 lb (545 kg)
  • Gross weight: 2,150 lb (975 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 2,150 lb (975 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming O-320-E2A 4-cylinder air-cooled horizontally-opposed piston engine, 150 hp (110 kW)
  • Propellers: Sensenich M74DM

Performance:

  • Maximum speed: 123 kn (142 mph, 228 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 108 kn (124 mph, 200 km/h)
  • Stall speed: 47 kn (54 mph, 87 km/h)
  • Range: 465 nmi (535 mi, 861 km)
  • Service ceiling: 14,300 ft (4,400 m)
  • Rate of climb: 660 ft/min (3.4 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 13.4 lb/sq ft (65 kg/m2)
  • Power/mass: 0.0699 hp/lb (0.1149 kW/kg)

FAQ – frequently asked question

How much does a Piper Cherokee cost?

Pricing
Depending on numerous factors, the average price for a pre-owned PIPER Cherokee 140 is $45,100.88. A $12,250.00 loan over 120 months including $51.04 per month in interest equates to a $614.26 per-period payment. Based on 450 annual owner-operated hours and $5.00-per-gallon fuel cost, the PIPER Cherokee 140 has total variable costs of $65,250.00, total fixed costs of $20,705.00, and an annual budget of $85,955.00. This breaks down to $191.01 per hour. RANGE:
449 NM / 516 SM SPEED:
118 KTS / 136 MPH PRICE:
$45,100.88 MAX PASSENGERS:
3 people

Piper Cherokee 140 operation cost

Flying 450 Hours per Year Annual Owner Hours 450 Annual Charter Hours – Fuel Cost $5.00 Total Fixed Cost $20,705.00 Total Variable Cost $65,250.00 Annual Budget $85,955.00 Total Hourly Cost $191.01

Piper Cherokee 140 Price

Retail High/Low/Average Total Number of Listings Found On Controller.com Highest Price Found $71,500.00 Lowest Price Found $27,605.30 Average Price $45,100.88 Avg. w/o High & Low $42,875.00

Is a Piper Cherokee a good plane?

Today, the Cherokee 140s is a bargain, selling for prices in the low- to mid-twenties, with plenty on the market and a boatload of mods and options to upgrade them. The airplane Lycoming O-320 was a good choice for the airplane and gave the original PA-28 surprisingly good performance.

Yet…buyers often overlook these models in favor of the newer Warrior or the 180/Archer line, which are both more expensive and more airplanes than many people trying to get into flying on the cheap really need.

Is the Piper Cherokee safe?

Piper Cherokee and Arrow Safety Highlights also show that some 81 percent of Cherokee accidents and 72 percent of Arrow accidents were caused by the pilot, mostly as a result of poor judgment. Similar pilot error rates were found in comparison aircraft. The total accident rate per 100,000 flight hours was 5.7 for Cherokees and 6.9 for Arrows, also approximately the same as comparison aircraft used in the study.

Faulty weather decision-making accounted for the majority of serious pilot-caused accidents both in PA-28s and comparison aircraft. Continued VFR into low ceilings and poor visibility was the most common causal factor.

Mishap statistics for the Cherokee were compared with similar aircraft including the Beech Musketeer and Sundowner, Cessna 152, Cessna 172 Skyhawk, Cessna 182 Skylane, and the Grumman American AA-5 Traveler. Arrow accident rates were compared with the Beech C-24R Sierra, Cessna 172RG and 182RG, Rockwell Commander 112/114, and Mooney M20 series.

Although the overall accident record for the Piper models differed little from the comparison group, night accidents were higher for all PA-28 aircraft. In addition, the retractable-gear Arrow suffered a nighttime accident rate of 12 per 100,000 flight hours, 50 percent greater than the comparable aircraft.

“This is perhaps because the fixed-gear Cherokee is used as a trainer, and the Arrow is flown on more cross-country flights in diverse weather environments,” said ASF Executive Director Bruce Landsberg. “Night currency doesn’t equal night proficiency for cross-country operations.”

The highest number of PA-28 accidents occurred during landing. Long landings were the most common problem in fixed gear Cherokees; hard landings were most common in the retractable gear Arrows. “Airspeed control and proper flare will go a long way toward fixing both those problems,” observed Landsberg.

The 20-page Piper Cherokee and Arrow Safety Highlight also include a training outline for both models, which concentrates on planning and operations in areas involved in higher PA-28 accident rates. The suggested course covers 5.5 hours of ground instruction and 5.5 hours of flight time and can be adapted to pilot experience.

Is a Piper Warrior a Cherokee?

Yes, the first PA-28 Piper Cherokee received its type certificate from the Federal Aviation Administration in 1960 and the series remains in production to this day. Current models are the Warrior, Arrow, and Archer TX and LX, and the Pilot 100 and i100. The Archer was discontinued in 2009, but with investment from new company ownership, the model was put back into production in 2010.

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